Watch the Videos of Rameswaram Express Train and Ship crossing India’s first sea bridge.
Opened on 24 February 1914, it was India’s first sea bridge, and was the longest sea bridge in India until the opening of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link in 2010. The bridge spans a 2 km-strait between mainland and island and is the only surface transport link between the two. According to Indian Railways’ chief construction engineer, the bridge is located in the world’s second most corrosive environment after Florida, making its maintenance a challenging job. The location is also a cyclone-prone high wind velocity zone.
The 2.3 KM long bridge built over the sea was opened for traffic in 1914 and use to run in Meter Gauge. The line was converted to Broad Gauge in 2007. The 100th year celebration of the pamban rail bridge was performed in 2014 February 24. Recently Pamban bridge is nominated for UNESCO’s heritage status.
Pamban Rail Bridge: Specification
- Length – 2.06 KM
- Number Of piers – 143
- Structural Design – Cantilever, bascule Bridge
- Railway track – Broad Gauge
- Crosses – Palk Strait
- Connecting Railway stations – Mandapam – Pamban
- Location – 9°16´56.70´´N 79°11´20.12´´ E / 9.2824167° N 79.1889222° E